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2004 Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act a.k.a. National Intelligence Reform Act (An act to reform the intelligence community and the intelligence and intelligence-related activities of the United States government, and for other purposes)

S. 2845; Pub.L. 108-458; 118 Stat. 3638.

108th Congress; December 17, 2004.

You can find the full text of this law from the GPO as text or PDF.



The Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act was signed by George W. Bush on December 2004, the Act was passed in order to unify the intelligence and law enforcement agencies of the United States. The motive for this intelligence reorganization was the attack on the United States on September 11, 2001. This law was passed to prevent future attacks on American soil.

Subtitle B was written to reinforce immigration security and the border patrol. It proposed new equipment and air patrol, increased number of border patrol agents by 20%, increased the number of immigration investigators, and built more immigration detention centers. The act declared it a priority to protect the border and prevent undocumented immigrants in addition to drug trafficking.

Subtitle C regards the visa requirements for those who want to enter the U.S. and those in the U.S. at present. Visa applicants must be interviewed by the “security advisory” to be approved. The interviews require complete and accurate information from the applicant. The government is allowed to under any circumstance revoke the visa or travel documents if they deem it necessary.

Subtitle D intensified immigration policies and restrictions in the U.S. The law declared that anyone who transports undocumented immigrants shall receive at least ten years in prison and more if it was an ongoing task or if any lives were in danger. The law then pledged education both abroad and in the U.S. about the new laws and penalties. The government affirmed that they will deport or detain any immigrant who has received specific military training or has ties to terrorist organization. The law established a committee to study the asylum system in order to prevent exploitation by terrorists and those affiliated with terrorism. This committee will report to Congress with their results until they decide the appropriate changes have been made in the system. Lastly, the act allowed the government to keep all removal or detaining information disclosed-no names, personal information, or plans will be released.

(Summary by [name withheld by request].)


The White House: News and Policies - President George W. Bush signs Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act.

Governmental Printing Office: Conference Report - Access to the full text of H.Rpt 108-796, Conference Report on the Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act.

GlobalSecurity.org: Committee on Governmental Affairs - A summary of the Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act by the United States Senate Committee on Governmental Affairs.

Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act on GovTrack - A summary of Congressional action on the bill (timeline, vote results).


Many thanks to Hein Online for document provision, and The University of Washington-Bothell Library, for arranging web hosting. If you have any questions about this site, please contact the course instructor, Sarah Starkweather, at sarah [dot] starkweather [at] gmail [dot] com.