SCHOLARLY JOURNALS AND BOOKS
Scholarly journals and books usually cite their sources in the form of footnotes or bibliographies.
Articles are written by a scholar or expert in the field.
The language of scholarly sources is typically that of the discipline covered.
Scholarly sources usually assume that the reader has some prior knowledge of the topic or problem.
The main purpose of a scholarly journal is to report on original research or experimentation in order to make such information available to the rest of the scholarly world.
Many scholarly journals, though by no means all, are published by a specific professional organization.
Many scholarly journals are "peer reviewed" or "refereed". To be accepted for publication in a given journal the author of an article must submit his or her article to be reviewed, usually anonymously, by a panel of experts in the field.
EXAMPLES OF SCHOLARLY JOURNALS:
American Economic Review
Journal of Marriage and the Family (published by the National Council on Family Relations)
Modern Fiction Studies
News and general interest periodicals sometimes cite sources, though more often do not.
Articles may be written by a member of the editorial staff, a scholar or a free lance writer.
The language of these publications is geared to any educated audience. There is no specialty assumed, only interest and a certain level of intelligence.
They are generally published by commercial enterprises or individuals, although some emanate from specific professional organizations.
The main purpose of periodicals in this category is to provide information and/or analysis, in a general manner, to a broad audience of concerned citizens.
EXAMPLES OF SUBSTANTIVE NEWS OR GENERAL INTEREST PERIODICALS:
Chronicle of Higher Education
New York Times
These publications rarely, if ever, cite sources. Information published in such journals is often second or third hand and the original source is sometimes obscure.
Articles are usually very short, written in simple language and are designed to meet a minimal education level. There is generally little depth to the content of these articles.
The main purpose of popular periodicals is usually to inform and/or entertain the reader.
EXAMPLES OF POPULAR PERIODICALS:
U.S. News & World Report
For more information about specific periodicals see:
The Society of Professional Journalists - Code of Ethics
UWILL Online Tutorial - Popularly, scholarly and trade communication
Magazines for Libraries - located in the Campus Library Reference Stacks Z6941 .K2
*Initial quotation is from - Shulman, Lee. The Carnegie Teaching Academy. (1998). The Pew Scholars National Fellowship Program (pp 9-10). Menlo Park, CA: The Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching.
This research guide is adapted from: Distinguishing Scholarly from Non-Scholarly Periodicals A Checklist of Criteria. Cornell University Library.